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Hospital Departments

Central Sterile Service Department (CSSD)

CSSD is a specialized department that is providing the cleaning, sterilization, and distribution of the reusable medical equipments and supplies. The workflow pattern is receiving the contaminated equipments, decontamination, cleaning, packaging, sterilization, finally store the equipments. The department is divided into three areas: dirty area, clean area, and sterile area. Between the dirty and clean areas there are washers, where between the clean and sterile areas there is autoclaves machines.

Main medical devices:

1. Ultrasonic cleaner

2. Dryer cabinet

3. Autoclaves (Steam and plasma autoclave)

Dental Clinic

A dental clinic is technically any place where dental services are rendered including dental procedures and treatments on patients. Dental clinics focus on patient education to prevent disease and provide treatment options in one roof. A clinic houses all dental equipment and tools in one place and is staffed by dentists, dental specialists, dental assistants, and dental hygienists.

Main medical devices:

1. Dental chair

2. Amalgamator

3. Dental x-ray


Is an operation room where the Endoscopy procedure occurrence.

Main medical devices:

1. Endoscope towers (screen - light source - Video processor - Camera -Video monitor - printer – recorder - CO2 regulator - water flush)

2. Anesthesia Machine

3. Imaging equipment

4. Patient Monitor

5. Endoscope cabinet

Intensive Care Unit (ICU)

Equipment used in an Intensive Care Unit ranges from familiar equipment, such as blood pressure monitors, to highly specialized devices, such as dialysis machines. Here you will find straightforward explanations of some of the most commonly used equipment.

Main medical devices:

1. Sequential compression devices (SCD)

2. Indwelling Urinary Catheter (IDC)

3. Beds

4. Saturation Monitor

5. Blood Pressure Cuff

6. Endotracheal tube (ETT OR breathing tube)

7. Central Venous Catheters (CVC)

8. Nasogastric Tubes

9. Ventilator

10. ICU bedside monitor

11. Syringe Pump

12. Infusion Pump


A department specialized to preform eye testing

Main medical devices:

1. Tonometer

2. Phoropter

3. Retinoscope

4. Autorefractor

5. VT 1 Vision screener

Operating Room (OR)

An operating room (OR), also called surgery center, is the unit of a hospital where surgical procedures are performed. The purpose of it that it’s designed and equipped to provide care to patients with a range of conditions, or it may be designed and equipped to provide specialized care to patients with specific conditions. Operating rooms are sterile environments. All personnel wear protective clothing called scrubs, as well as shoe covers, masks, caps, eye shields, and other coverings to prevent the spread of germs. It’s brightly lit and the temperature is very cool; also they are air-conditioned to help prevent infection.

Main medical devices:

1. OR table

2. Endoscopy tower

3. Cautery machine

4. Anesthesia machine

5. OR light

6. Tourniquet device


Rehabilitation is an essential part of universal health coverage along with promotion of good health, prevention of disease, treatment, and palliative care.

It helps a child, adult, or older person to be as independent as possible in everyday activities and enables participation in education, work, recreation, and meaningful life roles such as taking care of family.Rehabilitation helps a child, adult, or older person to be as independent as possible in everyday activities and enables participation in education, work, recreation and meaningful life roles such as taking care of family. It does so by addressing underlying conditions (such as pain) and improving the way an individual functions in everyday life, supporting them to overcome difficulties with thinking, seeing, hearing, communicating, eating, or moving around.

Main medical devices:

1. Ultrasound therapy

2. Hydrocollator

3. Transcutaneous electrical nerve simulation

4. Traction unit

5. Treadmill and bike


Hospitals serve a wide range of patients. They can be divided into wards by floor or wing, with distinct sorts of patients, nurses and doctors with specific knowledge, and specialist equipment. Depending on the hospital you will find different words classification, but the major words type are :


- HDU “High-dependency unit”

- ICU “Intensive Care Unit”

- CCU “Cardiac Care Unit”

- PICU “Pediatric Intensive Care Unit”

- NICU “Neonatal Intensive Care Unit”

- DSU “Day surgery unit “

Main medical Devices:

  1. Patient monitor

  2. Ventilator

  3. CRRT

  4. Hemodialysis

  5. Defibrillator

  6. Incubator

  7. Stethoscope

  8. Thermometer

  9. Tongue depressor

  10. Telemetry

  11. Infusion pump

  12. Syringe pump

  13. Blood pressure device

  14. Glucose monitoring system

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